0044 CPA Australia (Joint submission with Chartered Accountants Australia New Zealand)
- Submitterʼs name
- CPA Australia (Joint submission with Chartered Accountants Australia New Zealand)
- Submitted on behalf of
- Professional body or industry association
About the submission
- Please identify which occupations your submission relates to:
- Certain categories of occupations (eg professionals, managers or tradespeople)
- What occupation categories does your submission apply to?
1. Are there additional labour market factors, for which there are national datasets available (ideally aligned to 6-digit ANZSCO occupation level), that are relevant to future refinements to the Departmentʼs analysis and methodology?
What is the frequency of data release?
- Section 3 of the attached submission advises on the need to incorporate data and intelligence that provides insights into the:
• labour market situation over the medium to long term, such as the analyses and projections of others. This includes the reports of industry experts, contracted research, and the intelligence of recruitment agencies.
• occupation labour supply side. New entrants are a function of graduates of relevant programs of study, movements from other occupations, and immigrants. Exits are due to emigration, movements to other occupations, and death.
• drivers of future occupation labour demand and supply. This will be occupation specific and include things like economic conditions, changes in the regulatory environment and technological advancements.
That Section also advises that some of the labour market datasets identified be regarded with caution, such as graduate outcome data.
Section 2 of the attached takes a closer look at the detail of the Department of Employment’s proposed methodology and how the data is to be used. It urges that the analysis of the data be undertaken by experts who understand the dynamics of the various listed occupational markets. A one-size-fits all basis for calculation that determines the place of occupations on the lists is doomed to failure; what drives the observed data outcomes is what matters most.
2. The Department is also seeking submissions on suitable datasets that are disaggregated by region. Please provide details if you are aware of such a dataset, including whether it is aligned to ANZSCO occupations and how often the dataset is updated.
- Much of the data and intelligence recommended above is disaggregated by state and territory:
• the reports of recruitment agencies typically include jurisdiction specific data and commentary; and
• disaggregated student data can be accessed through the Department of Education and Training.
3. Is there any other advice or evidence that the Department should consider in its review of the methodology?
- Section 1 of the attached submission asks if the purpose of skilled migration is to enhance the economic fortunes of Australia, and whether the proposed approach is an optimal means to achieving this end? That Section recommends that the proposed new approach to the skilled migration occupation lists:
• be weighted towards human capital considerations, particularly in respect of the professions. The proposed approach reflects a bias that the primary objective of skilled migration is to address current or emerging skills shortages. The evidenced reality is that migrants who are highly skilled, such as professionals, create rather than displace jobs.
• is whole of government and takes into account the implications of any changes on international education. There is a strong nexus between international education – Australia’s third largest export sector – and skilled migration settings that is sensitive to changes in those settings. Visa conditions and the opportunity to work and live in Australia post-graduation rank highly in students’ study destination decisions.
• takes into account the implications of any changes for Australia’s engagement in the global economy. This is particularly critical as the centre of global economic gravity moves east. Skilled migrants facilitate networks and trade with growth economies, and provide Australia with the cultural and linguistic diversity to transact and do business with them.
The most important recommendation of Section 1 relates to how the outcome of the analysis of data and intelligence is used. The proposed intention of using it to inform what stays, goes or moves between skilled occupation lists is blunt, creates uncertainties and is destabilising. The attached submission shares the lamentable experience of accountants. The risk is that best and brightest international students and migrants will look elsewhere. The alternative recommended is that the proposed new approach, if revised in the manner recommended in the attached submission, is used to inform a policy response of adjusting a points threshold up or down to curb or encourage (rather that stop or start) the flow of independent skilled migrants from listed occupations.
Finally, while not discussed in the attached submission, we strongly urge the Department to review its reliance on ANZSCO as its applicability to current and future occupational classifications is increasingly outdated.
- Do you have any supporting material for your submission?
- Yes (see attachments)
If you have trouble accessing this document, please contact the Department to request a copy in a format you can use.